Getting diagnosed with breast cancer can become a nightmare for anyone. Mastectomy involves removal of one or both breasts to treat breast cancer or reduce the risk of developing breast cancer. A mastectomy can be emotionally painful for a woman and can take a toll on a woman’s confidence. Fortunately, with breast reconstruction surgery, women can reshape their breasts after cancer treatment.
The main aim of breast reconstruction surgery is to restore one or both breasts to normal appearance, shape, size and symmetry after mastectomy or lumpectomy. Breast reconstruction surgery involves replacing skin, breast tissue, and the removed nipple.
Various factors decide the amount of reconstruction, such as the mastectomy and the width, location, and size of the removed tumour.
What are the Techniques Used for Breast Reconstruction Surgery?
There are two techniques used for reconstruction of your breast:
- Implant-based reconstruction
In this technique, the surgeon stretches the skin with a tissue expander that goes inside you. Then, the surgeon inserts an implant that is filled with saline, silicone gel, or both. This technique may be painful for some women, but the results are pleasant for most women.
- Flap Reconstruction
This technique involves using the patient’s tissue from other parts of the body (generally abdomen, back, thighs or bottom) to create a mound to reconstruct the breast.
Sometimes, a combination of both surgical techniques is used to reconstruct the breast naturally. In addition, surgery may be done to reconstruct the nipple area if it has been affected by the cancer treatment. The nipple and areola are also removed to reduce the risk of cancer in future during a mastectomy.
That is why in many cases, nipple reconstruction is done after breast reconstruction.
Breast reconstruction may start at the time of mastectomy or lumpectomy. This is known as immediate reconstruction.
Many times, breast reconstruction is done after mastectomy. In such cases, the surgery is called delayed reconstruction.
Are You a Good Candidate?
The desire to have breast reconstruction is an individual’s choice. Many women feel sad about the loss of their breasts and choose to have surgery done.
You must keep certain important factors in mind before making the final decision.
A good candidate for breast reconstruction is someone who does not have any additional medical conditions that may impair healing and has realistic goals.
You can hope breast reconstruction to give your breasts the appearance you want, but you must also understand that a reconstructed breast will not have the same sensation. Besides, visible incision lines will also be present on the breast.
You must keep in mind all of these factors before getting the surgery done. You must consult a doctor to determine if you should go for surgery or not and what type of surgery will suit you.
How Long Does Surgery Take?
Breast reconstruction surgery usually takes two to six hours.
Recovery from Breast Reconstruction Surgery
After the surgery, you may experience some discomfort for a few days. Your surgeon will prescribe pain medications as needed.
You will be asked to avoid vigorous activity. You should stay hydrated. The length of your hospital stay after surgery depends on the type of surgery. However, with either kind of surgery, the patient can expect to spend a few days in the hospital.
After surgery, you may experience fatigue, bruising, swelling, and soreness in breasts. Your doctor may advise you to wear an elastic support bra to reduce swelling.
What are the Risks and Complications?
Risks and complications are involved in all kinds of surgery. Risks during or after breast reconstruction include:
- Issues with anaesthesia
- Extreme fatigue
- Problems with wound healing
- Fluid build-up in the breast
Possible complications include:
- Changes in breast
- Uneven breasts
- Tissue death
- Issues related to implant
Your surgeon will address all the risks and possible complications before the surgery so that you can make a final decision about it.
Getting diagnosed with breast cancer and the loss of a breast can be devastating for a woman. Breast reconstructive surgery can make you get back the normal appearance of your breasts. If you want to get breast reconstructive surgery in Delhi, contact MedSpa.